Chess developed out of Chaturanga, which is an ancient strategy board game developed during the Gupta Empire in India around the 6th century AD.

The words for “chess” in Old Persian and Arabic are chatrang and shatranj respectively — terms derived from Chaturanga in Sanskrit, which literally means an army of four divisions or four corps. Chess spread throughout the world and many variants of the game soon began taking shape.This game was introduced to the Near East from India and became a part of the princely or courtly education of Persian nobility.

Chaturanga reached Europe through Persia, the Byzantine empire and the expanding Arabian empire.Muslims carried Shatranj to North Africa, Sicily, and Spain by the 10th century where it took its final modern form of chess.