Indian Institute of Technology Bombay
The Indian Institute of Technology Bombay (abbreviated IITB or IIT Bombay) is a public engineering institution located in Powai, Mumbai, India. In global rankings, IIT Bombay has emerged as India’s top university. It is the second-oldest institute of the Indian Institutes of Technology system.
IIT Bombay was founded in 1958.In 1961, the Parliament decreed IITs as Institutes of National Importance. A high-power committee of Government of India recommended in 1946 establishment of four higher institutes of technology to set the direction for the development of technical education in the country.
IIT Bombay was the second IIT to be established in 1958 with assistance from UNESCO and with funds contributed by the Soviet Union. UNESCO agreed to provide equipment and technical experts mainly from the Soviet Union, while the Government of India accepted the responsibility for all other expenses including the cost of the building project and recurring expenses.
The IIT Bombay campus is located at Powai, a suburb in north eastern Mumbai, between the Vihar and Powai lakes. There are a total of 15 hostels, of which two hostels (Hostels 10 and 11) and a part of the newly constructed hostel (Hostel 15) are for female students.
The institute has two swimming pools; football, hockey and cricket grounds; and tennis, basketball, squash and volleyball courts. It also has a Students’ Activity Center (SAC) for various cultural and other extracurricular activities.
Departments, centres, and schools
IIT Bombay has 17 departments, 13 multi-disciplinary centres, and 3 schools of excellence. The academic departments in IIT Bombay include the following:
- Aerospace Engineering
- Applied Mechanics
- Biosciences and Bioengineering
- Chemical Engineering
- Civil Engineering
- Computer Science & Engineering
- Earth Sciences
- Electrical Engineering
- Energy Science and Engineering
- Urban Studies and Planning
- Humanities & Social Science
- Industrial Design Centre
- Mechanical Engineering
- Metallurgical Engineering and Materials Science including Corrosion Science and Engineering
The following multi-disciplinary centres are located in IIT Bombay:
- Industrial Design Center (IDC)
- Computer Aided Design Center (CAD)
- Centre for Research in Nano-Technology and Sciences (CRNTS)
- Centre for Aerospace Systems Design and Engineering (CASDE)
- Computer Centre
- Centre for Distant Engineering Education Programme (C-DEEP)
- Centre for Environmental Science and Engineering (CESE)
- Centre of Studies in Resources Engineering (CSRE). Established 1976, the center is involved in developing Remote Sensing technology and its application to natural resources management and Environmental monitoring.
- Centre for Technology Alternatives for Rural Areas (CTARA)
- Centre for Formal Design and Verification of Software (CFDVS)
- Sophisticated Analytical Instrument Facility (SAIF)
- Centre of Excellence in Nanoelectronics (CEN)
- National Centre for Photovoltaic Research and Education (NCPRE)
- Society for Innovation and Entrepreneurship (SINE)
Internationally, IIT Bombay is ranked overall 233 gobally and No. 39 among Asian institutes in the QS World University Rankings(Quacquarelli Symonds) for 2013. IIT Bombay failed to feature in top 400 in the ranking by the Times Higher Education World University Rankings of 2013-14. It was In India, among engineering colleges, it ranked No. 3 by Outlook India in 2012, and No. 1 by Dataquest in 2011. Amongst government engineering colleges, it was ranked No. 1 by Mint in 2009.
Faculty members from IIT Bombay undertake industry sponsored research and consultancy projects that are made available through the institute. These are funded by various national agencies like the Department of Science and Technology, Department of Electronics, Department of Space, Aeronautical Development Agency, Department of Atomic Energy, and Oil and Natural Gas Commission (ONGC).
Cultural and Non-Academic activities
Cultural activities like dramatics, Speaking, Literary Arts, Music and Fine Arts also mark an important feature in the life of a student of IIT Bombay. Speaking and Literary Arts have always been very popular in the student community with students actively participating in quizzing, writing and debating activities. IIT Bombay has won the prestigious National Law School Parliamentary Debating Tournament.
The annual Science & Technology festival of IIT Bombay, Techfest, which was started in 1998, is held in the month of January every year and is the largest of its kind in Asia. It comprises various events like competitions, exhibits and talks from guest speakers from around the world. Techfest 2009 was also the first event of its kind in India to conduct its events in other countries.