INS Vikramaditya (Sanskrit, Vikramāditya meaning “Brave as the Sun”) is a modified Kiev-class aircraft carrier which entered into service with the Indian Navy in 2013. She has been renamed in honour of Vikramaditya, a legendary 1st century BC emperor of Ujjain, India.
Originally built as Baku and commissioned in 1987, the carrier served with the Soviet and later with the Russian Navies (as Admiral Gorshkov) before being decommissioned in 1996 as she was too expensive to operate on a post-Cold War budget. The carrier was purchased by India on 20 January 2004 after years of negotiations at a final price of $2.35 billion. The ship successfully completed her sea trials in July 2013 and aviation trials in September 2013.
She was commissioned on 16 November 2013 at a ceremony held at Severodvinsk, Russia.On 14 June 2014, Prime Minister of India Narendra Modi formally inducted INS Vikramaditya into the Indian Navy and dedicated it to the Nation
General characteristics of INS Vikramaditya
Class & type: Modified Kiev-class aircraft carrier
Displacement: 45,400 tons of loaded displacement
Length: 283.5 metres (930 ft) (overall)
Beam: 59.8 metres (196 ft)
Draught: 10.2 metres (33 ft)
Installed power: 6 turbo alternators and 6 diesel alternators which generate 18 MWe
Propulsion: 8 turbopressurized boilers, 4 shafts, 4 geared steam turbines, generating 180,000 horsepower (134,226 kW)
Speed: 32 knots (59 km/h)
Range: 7,000 nautical miles (13,000 km)
13,500 nautical miles (25,000 km) at 18 knots (33 km/h)
Endurance: 45 days
Complement: 110 officers and 1500 sailors
processing systems: Long range Air Surveillance Radars, LESORUB-E, Resistor-E radar complex, CCS MK II communication complex and Link II tactical data system
Barak 8 (LRSAM)
Maximum of 36 aircraft including upto:
30 × Mikoyan MiG-29K multi-role fighters
6 × Kamov Ka-31 AEW&C and Kamov Ka-28 ASW helicopters
Two acre flight deck.
14 degree ski-jump ramp
Three 30 m wide arrester gears and three restraining gears.