Kaziranga National Park, Assam – place to go in India
Kaziranga National Park is the only natural habitat of the endangered One-Horned Rhinos in India as well as in the world. Located in the Golaghat district of Assam, Kaziranga National Park is one of the largest wildlife sanctuaries to explore the wildlife of Northeast India. It is also a highly visited park among the top 10 national parks in India.
This park also boasts of its number of tigers and other wildlife species. Due to the noteworthy number of tigers, Kaziranga National Park has been declared as Tiger Reserve Forest in 2006. Other wildlife consists Elephants, Wild Buffaloes and Swamp Deer. The park also witnesses a large number of migratory birds during the winters.
Located in the Kaliabor and Bokakhat subdivisions of Nagaon and Golaghat districts in the state of Assam (India), Kaziranga National Park lies between latitude 26°30 N to 26°45 N and longitude 93°08 E to 93°36 E. It is around 40 kilometres long (approx. 25 miles) and 13 kilometres (approx. 8 miles) broad. The park is spread in 378.22 sq. km in which 51.14 km² has been lost to erosion by the Brahmaputra. Along with the present boundary of the park, 429 sq. km (166 sq miles) has been added and advised to separate the national park, so as to offer extensive habitat for growing population of wildlife or as a passageway for the safety of animals to Karbi Anglong Hills. The entire area of park is confined by the Brahmaputra River that forms the eastern & northern boundaries, and the Mora Diphlu that forges the southern boundary
Kaziranga is a vast expanse of tall elephant grass, marshland, and dense tropical moist broadleaf forests, crisscrossed by four major rivers, including the Brahmaputra, and the park includes numerous small bodies of water. Kaziranga has been the theme of several books, songs, and documentaries. The park celebrated its centennial in 2005 after its establishment in 1905 as a reserve forest.
How to Reach Kaziranga National Park
Kaziranga National Park can be reached by air, road and railway.
By Air : Tezpur Airport at Salonibari is the nearest airport, which is approx 60 km (1 hour) away from Kaziranga. Other options are Rowriah Airport in Jorhat, which is 113 km (2 hours) away and Gopinath Bordoloi Airport in Guwahati, which is 211.7 km (3 hrs 20 minutes) away from Kaziranga National Park.
By Rail : The most nearest railway station is Jakhalabandha, which is 22.1 km (21 minutes) away from Kaziranga. Other nearest railheads are Furkating (99.7 km/1 hr 36 min) and Guwahati (191.3 km/3 hr 15 min).
By Road : The nearest route by bus is Guwahati (225 km/approx.4 hrs) where private bus services are accessible from Paltan bazar/ Inter State Bus Terminus (NH Bypass at Sarusajai). Others options are Tezpur (80 km), Jorhat (90 km) and Dibrugarh (220 km). All these cities are well connected by National Highways.
The park celebrated its centenary with much fanfare in 2005, inviting descendants of Lord and Lady Curzon for the celebrations. Later in the year 2008, Kaziranga National park declared as Tiger Reserve by including Laokhowa & Burachapori Wildlife sanctuaries into its congregation.