Keoladeo Ghana National Park – Bharatpur, Rajasthan
Keoladeo Ghana National Park is one of the man-made wetlands in India that has been declared as a National Park. It was formerly called as ‘Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary’.
This park hosts a large number of avifauna during the summers and is considered as one of the best national parks to observe exotic migratory birds and other birds of India. Located in Bharatpur district of Rajasthan, this park serves as a primary centre for ornithologists and other zoological studies.
Keoladeo Ghana National Park is a man-made and man-managed wetland and one of the national parks of India. The reserve protects Bharatpur from frequent floods, provides grazing grounds for village cattle and earlier was primarily used as a waterfowl hunting ground. The 29 km2 (11 sq mi) reserve is locally known as Ghana, and is a mosaic of dry grasslands, woodlands, woodland swamps, and wetlands. These diverse habitats are home to 366 bird species, 379 floral species, 50 species of fish, 13 species of snakes, 5 species of lizards, 7 amphibian species,7 turtle species, and a variety of other invertebrates. Every year thousands of migratory waterfowl visit the park for wintering breeding etc. The Sanctuary is one of the richest bird areas in the world. It is known for nesting of its resident birds and visiting migratory birds including water birds.
Best season To Visit
October to February is the best time, for the migratory birds are there as well as the residents. But the park is a treat all year round.
Summer temperatures reach a maximum of 470C and a minimum of 350C. In winter the temperatures reach a maximum of 350C and a minimum of 50C The monsoon precipitation is about 69 cm.
In August local birds start their nest building and rear their young for the next few months. October/November is when the migrants arrive. Most stay till March including the Siberian Crane. Ground nesters like the lapwings and curlews nest in summer and this is also when cranes show their amazing courtship dance. The weaverbirds build their pendulous nests just before the rains and hundreds of them are found in the park, a bank of ceaseless activity.
How to Reach Keoladeo Ghana National Park
By Air: Agra, 54 km. away is connected to all major cities.
By Rail: Bharatpur lies on the Mumbai-Delhi sector of Western Railway. The Fatehpur Janta Express leaves New Delhi at 2 p.m. and arrives at Bharatpur station at 6.15 p.m. It departs from Bharatpur at 8 a.m. reaching Delhi by 12.30 p.m.
By Road: Agra is 54 km. away. There are regular buses to Fatehpur Sikri, Jaipur and Deeg. Other options include Alwar 117 km., Deeg 32 km., Delhi 182 km., Fatehpur Sikri 22 km., Jaipur 174 km., Mathura 36 km. and Sariska 130 km.