Award in India – Padma Shri
Padma Shri (also Padmashree) is the fourth highest civilian award in the Republic of India, after the Bharat Ratna, the Padma Vibhushan and the Padma Bhushan. It is awarded by the Government of India. The award is announced every year on Republic Day.
On its obverse, the words “Padma“, meaning lotus in Sanskrit and “Shri“, in Devanagari, appear above and below a lotus flower. The geometrical pattern on either side is in burnished bronze. All embossing is in white gold.
Padma Awards were instituted in the year 1954. It is awarded to citizens of India to recognize their distinguished contribution in various spheres of activity including the Arts, Education, Industry, Literature, Science, Sports, Medicine, Social Service and Public Affairs. However it has also been awarded to some distinguished individuals who were not citizens of India and who did contribute in various ways to India.
The selection criteria, however, have been heavily criticized with the claim that many highly deserving artists have been left out in order to favor certain individuals.
On its obverse, the words “Padma“, meaning lotus in Sanskrit, and “Shri“, a Sanskrit-derived honorific equivalent to ‘Mr.’ or ‘Ms.’, appear in Devanagari above and below a lotus flower. The geometrical pattern on either side is in burnished bronze. All embossing is in white gold.
As of 2014, 2679 people have received the award.
List of awardees
Following is the list of the awardees of Padma Shri which were announced on the eve of the 65th Republic day.
Mohammad Ali Baig, Art-Theatre, Andhra Pradesh
Nayana Apte Joshi, Art, Maharashtra
Musafir Ram Bhardwaj, Art-Instrumental Music- Pauna Manjha, Himachal Pradesh
Sabitri Chatterjee, Art-Film, West Bengal
Prof Biman Bihari Das, Art-Sculptor, Delhi
Sunil Das, Art-Painting, West Bengal
Elam Endira Devi, Art-Manipuri Dance, Manipur
Vijay Ghate, Art-Instrumental Music- Tabla, Maharashtra
Rani Karnaa, Art-Kathak, West Bengal
Bansi Kaul, Art-Theatre, Jammu and Kashmir
Ustad Moinuddin Khan, Art-Instrumental Music-Sarangi Player, Rajasthan
Geeta Mahalik, Art-Odishi Dance, Delhi
Paresh Maity, Art-Painting, Delhi
Ram Mohan, Art-Film Animation, Maharashtra
Sudarsan Pattnaik, Art-Sand artist, Odisha
Paresh Rawal, Art-Cinema and Theatre, Maharashtra
Wendell Augustine Rodricks, Art-Fashion Designing, Goa
Prof Kalamandalam Sathyabhama, Art-Mohini Attam, Kerala
Shri Anuj (Ramanuj) Sharma, Art-Performing Art, Chhattisgarh
Santosh Sivan, Art- Film, Tamil Nadu
Supriya Dev, Art-Bengali Cinema, West Bengal
Sooni Taraporevala, Art- Script Writing, Maharashtra
Vidya Balan, Art-Cinema, Maharashtra
Durga Jain, Social Work, Maharashtra
Dr Rama Rao Anumolu, Social Work, Andhra Pradesh
Dr Brahm Dutt, Social Work, Haryana
Mukul Chandra Goswami, Social Work, Assam
J L Kaul, Social Work, Delhi
Mathurbhai Madhabhai Savani, Social Work, Gujarat
Tashi Tondup, Public Affairs, Jammu and Kashmir
Dr Hasmukh Chamanlal Shah, Public Affairs, Gujarat
Sekhar Basu, Science and Engineering, Maharashtra
Madhavan Chandradathan, Science and Engineering, Kerala.
Sushanta Kumar Dattagupta, Science and Engineering, West Bengal
Dr Ravi Bhushan Grover, Science and Engineering, Maharashtra
Prof Eluvathingal Devassy Jemmis, Science and Engineering, Karnataka
Ramkrishna V HosuR, Science and Engineering, Maharashtra
Dr Ajay Kumar Parida, Science and Engineering, Tamil Nadu
Dr Malapaka Yajneswara Satyanarayana Prasad, Science and Engineering, Andhra Pradesh
Kiran Kumar Alur Seelin, Science and Engineering, Gujarat
Dr Brahma Singh, Science and Engineering, Delhi
Prof Vinod Kumar Singh, Science and Engineering, Madhya Pradesh
Dr Govindan Sundararajan, Science and Engineering, Andhra Pradesh
Ramaswamy R Iyer, Science and Engineering, Delhi
Dr Jayanta Kumar Ghosh, Science and Engineering, West Bengal
Cine stars Paresh Rawal and Vidya Balan, sand artist Sudarsan Pattnaik, theatre artist Bansi Kaul, Chairperson of the Chennai-based Tractors and Farm Equipment (TAFE) Mallika Srinivasan, P. Kilemsungla, and Union Minister Sharad Pawar’s brother Pratap Govindrao Pawar, owner of Sakal newspaper group, have been chosen for the Padma Shri.